The Internet of Things (IoT) is a novel paradigm in which the virtual world of information technology integrates seamlessly with the real world of things.
One definition of IoT, for example, has recently been formulated in the Strategic Research Agenda of the Cluster of European Research Projects on the Internet of Things (CERP-IoT 2009): IoT could be defined as a dynamic global network infrastructure with self configuring capabilities based on standard and interoperable communication protocols where physical and virtual “things” have identities, physical attributes, and virtual personalities and use intelligent interfaces, and are seamlessly integrated into the information network.
The basic idea of this concept is the pervasive presence around us of a variety of things or objects – such as Radio-Frequency IDentification (RFID) tags, sensors, actuators, mobile phones, etc. – which, through unique addressing schemes, are able to interact with each other and cooperate with their neighbors to reach common goals. Thanks to the recent advances of miniaturization and the falling costs for RFID, sensor networks, NFC, wireless communication, technologies and applications, the Internet of Things suddenly became relevant for industry and end-users. According to US National Intelligence Council “by 2025 Internet nodes may reside in everyday things – food packages, furniture, paper documents, and more”.
SmartID wants to be a player of the Internet of Things by offering innovative and effective solutions developed in his R&D laboratory.
Key components (but not the only ones) of the IoT are RFID systems, which are composed of one or more reader(s) and several RFID tags. Tags are characterized by a unique identifier and are applied to objects (even persons or animals).
RFID systems are increasingly being deployed in applications across supply chains with readers that are distributed across factories, warehouses, and retail stores. Sensor technology is also being adopted in manufacturing and logistics in order to control processes and the quality of goods.